Dr. Adalja is board certified in internal medicine, emergency medicine, infectious diseases, and critical care medicine.

Dr. Adalja is a  member of the Infectious Disease Society of America's (IDSA) Public Health Committee, the American College of Emergency Physicians Pennsylvania Chapter’s EMS & Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness Committee, the Allegheny County Medical Reserve Corps, and the US Department of Health and Human Services’ National Disaster Medical System Disaster Medical Assistance Team (PA-1), with which he was deployed to Haiti after the earthquake in 2010. He previously was a member of Allegheny County's Metropolitan Medical Response System. He has also served on U.S. government panels tasked with developing guidelines for the treatment of botulism and anthrax in mass casualty settings as well as a FEMA working group on nuclear disaster recovery. He was also appointed to the City of Pittsburgh's HIV Commission. 

Dr. Adalja is a fellow of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, American College of Physicians, and the American College of Emergency Physicians, and a member of various medical societies, including the American Medical Association, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the HIV Medical Association, the Pennsylvania Medical Society, and the Society of Critical Care Medicine.

Dr. Adalja completed 2 fellowships—one in infectious diseases, for which he served as Chief Fellow, and one in critical care medicine. He also completed a combined residency in internal medicine and emergency medicine at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh, where he served as Chief Resident and as a member of the infection control committee.

He is a graduate of the American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine, and he obtained a bachelor of science degree in industrial management from Carnegie Mellon University.

Dr. Adalja is a native of Butler, Pennsylvania.